Vitamin E has been found to prevent retinopathy in people with a rare genetic disease known as abetalipoproteinemia.
Studies show, adding vitamin B12 to the insulin injections of children with diabetic retinopathy helped relieve symptoms.
Preliminary studies have reported improved vision in people with various diseases of the retina who took vinpocetine.
Low magnesium levels have been found to be a risk factor for retinopathy in white people with diabetes. Supplementing with magnesium may improve blood levels of the mineral.
Using a standardized extract of ginkgo has been reported to improve visual function in people with mild diabetic retinopathy.
Quercetin has been shown to inhibit aldose reductase, an enzyme that appears to contribute worsen diabetic retinopathy. Another flavonoid, rutin, may also improve retinopathy.
150 mg daily. Proanthocyanidins, a group of flavonoids found in pine bark, grape seed, and other plant sources, may help slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy.
360 to 600 mg daily of an extract standardized for 25% anthocyanosides. Bilberry extract has been shown to strengthen blood vessels in the eye and improve vision in people with diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy.
120 to 150 mg per day. Preliminary and double blind studies have shown that daily supplementation with Pycnogenol may slow the progression of retinopathy and improve vision. ?