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Hypothyroidism Stack

General Health 313 Updated: 2017-01-12 laceyo
I just want to make sure that I am taking the right vitamins and that I'm not taking the wrong vitamins or too much of one type of vitamin.

145 Potential Effects from this Stack

Effect OnScaleContributors
Free Testosterone3 Ashwagandha, Chromium, Magnesium, Zinc, Vitamin E, Vitamin D
Insulin Sensitivity2 Chromium, Magnesium, Zinc, Vitamin B3, Vitamin E, Vitamin D, Vitamin C
Sperm Quality2 Ashwagandha, Vitamin C
Leptin2 Zinc, Vitamin B3
Blood Flow2 Vitamin E, Vitamin C
IGF-1 (aka Insulin-like growth factor-1)1 Magnesium, Zinc, Vitamin B3
Serum Magnesium1 Magnesium
Libido1 Chromium
Lean Mass1 Chromium, Vitamin D
Sleep Quality1 Magnesium
Immunity (aka Immune system)1 Vitamin E
Anaerobic Exercise1 Ashwagandha, Chromium
Interferon Gamma1 Vitamin E
Interleukin 41 Vitamin E
Dysmenorrhea1 Vitamin E
Cognition1 Zinc
HDL-C1 Magnesium, Vitamin B3, Vitamin E
VO2 Max1 Ashwagandha, Vitamin C
Plasma Vitamin C1 Vitamin C
Skin dryness1 Vitamin A
Skin pigmentation1 Vitamin A
Motivation1 Ashwagandha
Power Output1 Ashwagandha, Chromium, Vitamin D
CreatinineNeutral Chromium
Colon cancer riskNeutral Vitamin E
HomocysteineNeutral Vitamin B12, Vitamin E
PneumoniaNeutral Zinc
Breast Cancer RiskNeutral Vitamin E
MemoryNeutral Chromium, Vitamin E
Verbal FluencyNeutral Vitamin E
CortisolNeutral Ashwagandha, Magnesium, Vitamin E, Vitamin C
Prostate Cancer RiskNeutral Vitamin E, Selenium
Aerobic ExerciseNeutral Vitamin C
DNA DamageNeutral Vitamin E
Cognitive DeclineNeutral Vitamin E
Red Blood Cell CountNeutral Vitamin E
Cell Adhesion Factors (aka sCAM-1Neutral Vitamin E
Exercise-Induced Immune SuppressionNeutral Vitamin C
Food IntakeNeutral Chromium
Fecal WeightNeutral Magnesium, Vitamin E
Serum T3Neutral Vitamin E
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  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin D was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin D was set to 400.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin D was set to 4.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin D was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin D was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin E was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin E was set to 30.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin E was set to 4.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin E was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin E was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin B1 was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin B1 was set to 7.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin B1 was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin B1 was set to Over.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin B1 was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin B3 was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin B3 was set to 30.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin B3 was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin B3 was set to Over.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin B3 was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin B6 was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin B6 was set to 7.5.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin B6 was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin B6 was set to Over.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin B6 was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Folic Acid was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Folic Acid was set to 400.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Folic Acid was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Folic Acid was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Folic Acid was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin B12 was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin B12 was set to 27.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin B12 was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin B12 was set to Under.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin B12 was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Biotin was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Biotin was set to 300.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Biotin was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Biotin was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Biotin was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Calcium was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Calcium was set to 50.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Calcium was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Calcium was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Calcium was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Zinc was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Zinc was set to 15.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Zinc was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Zinc was set to Recommended.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Zinc was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Vitamin B5 was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Vitamin B5 was set to 10.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Vitamin B5 was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Vitamin B5 was set to Over.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Vitamin B5 was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Copper was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Copper was set to 2.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Copper was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Copper was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Copper was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Magnesium was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Magnesium was set to 50.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Magnesium was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Magnesium was set to Under.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Magnesium was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Molybdenum was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Molybdenum was set to 75.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Molybdenum was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Molybdenum was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Molybdenum was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Manganese was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Manganese was set to 2.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Manganese was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Manganese was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Manganese was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Chromium was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Chromium was set to 120.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Chromium was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Chromium was set to Under.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Chromium was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Ashwagandha was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Ashwagandha was set to 1445.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Ashwagandha was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Ashwagandha was set to Under.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Ashwagandha was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Kelp was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose quantity of Kelp was set to 1445.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose unit of Kelp was set to 1.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Dose status of Kelp was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:38: Start date of Kelp was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Selenium was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose quantity of Selenium was set to 85.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose unit of Selenium was set to 3.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose status of Selenium was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Start date of Selenium was set to 2017-01-12.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Vitamin A was added.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose quantity of Vitamin A was set to 2000.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose unit of Vitamin A was set to 4.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Dose status of Vitamin A was set to Empty.
  • 2017-01-12 19:32:37: Start date of Vitamin A was set to 2017-01-12.

Dosage Compound Form Frequency Dates Notes
1445 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
1445 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
120 mcgChromium 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
2 mgManganese 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
75 mcgMolybdenum 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
50 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
2 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
10 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
15 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
50 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
300 mcg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
27 mcg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
400 mcg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
7.5 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
30 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
7 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
30 iu 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
400 iu 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
150 mg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
2000 iu 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12
85 mcg 1X1,1,1,1,1,1,12017-01-12

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Hypothyroidism Stack



Potential Interactions

Biotin works with some other B vitamins, such as folic acid, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and vitamin B12. However, no solid evidence indicates that people supplementing with biotin also need to take these other vitamins. Symptoms of pantothenic acid or zinc deficiency have been reported to be lessened with biotin, though people with these deficiencies should supplement with the nutrients in which they are deficient.

There is one report of a 76-year-old woman who developed a life-threatening condition (eosinophilic pleuropericardial effusion) while taking 10 mg of biotin per day and 300 mg of pantothenic acid per day. However, it is not clear whether the vitamins caused the problem.


Refrences
  • Somer E. The Essential Guide to Vitamins and Minerals. New York: Harper, 1995, 70-2.
  • Debourdeau PM, Djezzar S, Estival JL, et al. Life-threatening eosinophilic pleuropericardial effusion related to vitamins B5 and H. Ann Pharmacother 2001;35:424-6.
Intake of large amounts of vitamin C can deplete the body of copper—an essential nutrient. People should be sure to maintain adequate copper intake at higher intakes of vitamin C. Copper is found in many multivitamin-mineral supplements.
Refrences
  • Sandstead HH. Copper bioavailability and requirements. Am J Clin Nutr 1982;35:809-14 [review].
  • Finley EB, Cerklewski FL. Influence of ascorbic acid supplementation on copper status in young adult men. Am J Clin Nutr 1983;37:553-6.
Long-term supplementation with vitamin B6 alone might reduce blood folic acid levels. Therefore, people with elevated blood homocysteine levels should supplement with both folic acid and vitamin B6.
Refrences
  • Mansoor MA, Kristensen O, Hervig T, et al. Plasma total homocysteine response to oral doses of folic acid and pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6) in healthy individuals. Oral doses of vitamin B6 reduce concentrations of serum folate. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 1999;59:139-46.
There is some evidence that magnesium may enhance calcium absorption.
Refrences
  • Briscoe AM, Ragan C. Effect of magnesium on calcium metabolism in man. Am J Clin Nutr 1966;19:296-306.
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) and magnesium work together in several different biochemical processes in the body. In patients who are deficient in both thiamine and magnesium, symptoms of thiamine deficiency may not respond to thiamine supplementation unless magnesium deficiency is also corrected. In addition, administration of large doses of thiamine can worsen magnesium deficiency. Magnesium supplementation should therefore be considered by people who are supplementing with thiamine.
Refrences
  • Gaby AR. Magnesium. In Gaby AR, Nutritional Medicine. Concord, NH, www.doctorgaby.com, 2011; chapter 27
Vitamin B6 increases the amount of magnesium that can enter cells. As a result, these two nutrients are often taken together.
Refrences
  • Abraham GE, Schwartz UD, Lubran MM. Effect of vitamin B-6 on plasma and red blood cell magnesium levels in premenopausal women. Ann Clin Lab Sci 1981;11:333-6.
Vitamin D’s most important role is maintaining blood levels of calcium. Therefore, many doctors recommend that those supplementing with calcium also supplement with 400–1,200 IU of vitamin D per day.
Refrences
  • Norman AW. Intestinal calcium absorption: a vitamin D-hormone-mediated adaptive response. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;51:290-300.
Vitamin E appears to increase intestinal absorption and tissue uptake of vitamin A. Because of this effect, some doctors have used the combination of vitamin E and vitamin A for various skin conditions that are usually treated with vitamin A alone. The addition of vitamin E improved outcomes, while allowing for lower (and safer) doses of vitamin A.
Refrences
  • Oaks L, Russell R, Jacob RA. Decreased serum vitamin A levels during vitamin E supplementation. Am J Clin Nutr 1978;31:716.
  • Ames SR. Factors affecting absorption, transport, and storage of vitamin A. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 1969 Jul;22(7):934-5
  • Gaby AR. Vitamin A. In Gaby AR. Nutritional Medicine. Concord, NH, www.doctorgaby.com, 2011; chapter 11.
Studies in animals and humans suggest that supplementation with large amounts of either vitamin C or vitamin E increases the requirement for the other nutrient.
Refrences
  • Chen LH. An increase in vitamin E requirement induced by high supplementation of vitamin C in rats. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 1981 Jun;34(6):1036-41
  • Brown KM,Morrice PC,Duthie GG. Erythrocyte vitamin E and plasma ascorbate concentrations in relation to erythrocyte peroxidation in smokers and nonsmokers: dose response to vitamin E supplementation. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 1997 Feb;65(2):496-502
Zinc competes for absorption with calcium. A multimineral supplement will help prevent mineral imbalances.
Refrences
  • Argiratos V, Samman S. The effect of calcium carbonate and calcium citrate on the absorption of zinc in healthy female subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 1994;48:198-204.
Supplementation with zinc, iron, or the combination has been found to improve vitamin A status among children at high risk for deficiency of the three nutrients. This interaction has only been shown in a developing country with higher incidence of multiple deficiencies.
Refrences
  • Muñoz EC, Rosado JL, Lopez P, et al. Iron and zinc supplementation improves indicators of vitamin A status of Mexican preschoolers. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:789-94.

Supplementing with folic acid in amounts as little as 300 to 800 mcg per day may increase vitamin B12 requirements. Therefore, it would be prudent for people taking folic acid to supplement with vitamin B12.

Supplementation with vitamin B12, even in relatively small amounts, can increase folic acid requirements, For that reason, people taking vitamin B12 supplements should also consider taking folic acid.

In addition, supplementing with folic acid can mask the laboratory diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency. Failure to identify and treat vitamin B12 deficiency in a timely manner can lead to permanent neurological damage. The relatively small amount of vitamin B12 present in most supplements is not sufficient to prevent or correct vitamin B12 deficiency in people who have pernicious anemia (a condition caused by vitamin B12 malabsorption). For that reason, people should tell their doctor if they are taking folic acid supplements, so that the doctor will order alternative laboratory tests if vitamin B12 deficiency is suspected.


Refrences
  • Smith AD. Folic acid fortification: the good, the bad, and the puzzle of vitamin B-12. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:3-5.
  • Steiner I,Melamed E. Folic acid and the nervous system. Neurology. 1983 Dec;33(12):1634
Vitamin C appears to convert sodium selenite (a form of selenium used for supplementation) to elemental selenium, making it unavailable for absorption. This interaction occurred when 1 g of vitamin C was taken with sodium selenite on an empty stomach, but not when these nutrients were taken together with a meal. Vitamin C does not appear to interact with selenomethionine, another commonly used form of supplemental selenium.
Refrences
  • Robinson MF,Thomson CD,Huemmer PK. Effect of a megadose of ascorbic acid, a meal and orange juice on the absorption of selenium as sodium selenite. The New Zealand medical journal. 1985 Aug;98(784):627-9
  • Ip C. Interaction of vitamin C and selenium supplementation in the modification of mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 1986 Jul;77(1):299-303
In a study of healthy men, supplementation with a large amount of zinc (142 mg per day) decreased magnesium absorption. Magnesium supplementation should therefore be considered for people taking large amounts of zinc, and possibly for those taking lower amounts.
Refrences
  • Spencer H, Norris C, Williams D. Inhibitory effects of zinc on magnesium balance and magnesium absorption in man. J Am Coll Nutr 1994;13:479-84.
Zinc competes for absorption with copper  and inhibits copper absorption. Copper deficiency can result in anemia, lower levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, neurological disorders, and cardiac arrhythmias. Copper intake should be increased if zinc supplementation continues for more than a few days (except for people with Wilson’s disease). Some sources recommend a 10:1 ratio of zinc to copper. Evidence suggests that no more that 2 mg of copper per day is needed to prevent zinc-induced copper deficiency. Many zinc supplements include copper in the formulation to prevent zinc-induced copper deficiency. Zinc-induced copper deficiency has been reported to cause reversible anemia and suppression of bone marrow. In addition, there are case reports of neurologic abnormalities due to copper deficiency occurring in people who had been using large amounts of certain widely available denture creams that contained high concentrations of zinc.
Refrences
  • Dawson EB, Albers J, McGanity WJ. Serum zinc changes due to iron supplementation in teen-age pregnancy. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;50:848-52.
  • Broun ER. Greist A, Tricot G, Hoffman R. Excessive zinc ingestion. A reversible cause of sideroblastic anemia and bone marrow depression. JAMA 1990;264:1441-3.
  • Reiser S, Powell A, Yang CY, Canary JJ. Effect of copper intake on blood cholesterol and its lipoprotein distribution in men. Nutr Rep Int 1987;36:641-9.
  • Sandstead HH. Requirements and toxicity of essential trace elements, illustrated by zinc and copper. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61(suppl):621S-24S [review].
  • Fischer PWF, Giroux A, Labbe MR. Effect of zinc supplementation on copper status in adult man. Am J Clin Nutr 1984;40:743-6.
  • Nations SP, Boyer PJ, Love LA, et al. Denture cream. An unusual source of excess zinc, leading to hypocupremia and neurologic disease. Neurology 2008;71:639-43.

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