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HIV and AIDS Support Stack

General Health 756 SupplementDoctor
HIV, which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, causes AIDS- short term for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV attacks our immune system which in return, makes people very fragile with infections and would make them sick that normally wouldn't affect them in the first place. According to US census, more than 980,000 cases of AIDS have been reported. Give your body a boost by focusing on fitness and choosing the right combination of foods and nutritional supplements. According to research or other evidence, the following self-care steps may be helpful.

93 Potential Effects from this Stack

Effect OnScaleContributors
IGF-1 (aka Insulin-like growth factor-1)2 Whey Protein, Zinc
Insulin Sensitivity2 Whey Protein, Garlic, Zinc, Licorice, Vitamin E
Blood Flow1 Vitamin E
Cortisol1 Glutamine, Garlic, Licorice, Vitamin E
Ammonia1 Glutamine
Leptin1 Garlic, Zinc
Anaerobic Exercise1 Eleutherococcus senticosus
Immunity (aka Immune system)1 Vitamin E
VO2 Max1 Echinacea
Skin pigmentation1 Vitamin A
Cognition1 Zinc
Interferon Gamma1 Vitamin E
Lean Mass1 Whey Protein, Glutamine, Licorice
Interleukin 41 Vitamin E
Dysmenorrhea1 Vitamin E
Muscle Protein Synthesis1 Whey Protein
Skin dryness1 Vitamin A
Bleeding TimeNeutral Vitamin E
MemoryNeutral Vitamin E
Cell Adhesion Factors (aka sCAM-1Neutral Vitamin E
Heart RateNeutral Vitamin E
DNA DamageNeutral Vitamin E
Red Blood Cell CountNeutral Vitamin E
HDL-CNeutral Vitamin E
Cognitive DeclineNeutral Vitamin E
Total CholesterolNeutral Vitamin E
Serum T4Neutral Vitamin E
Breast Cancer RiskNeutral Vitamin E
Colon cancer riskNeutral Vitamin E
Serum T3Neutral Vitamin E
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Dosage Compound Form Frequency Dates Notes
0.00 ,,,,,,
Whey protein is rich in the amino acid cysteine, which the body uses to make glutathione, an important antioxidant. Supplementing with it may improve immune function.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Vitamin B6 deficiency was found in more than one-third of HIV-positive men, deficiency was associated with decreased immune function in this group. Supplementing with the vitamin may improve survival rate.
0 Vitamin B3 (Niacin) ,,,,,,
Vitamin B3 may play a role in HIV prevention and treatment. A form of vitamin B3 (niacinamide) has been shown to inhibit HIV in test tube studies.
0.00 ,,,,,,
In HIV-positive people with B-vitamin deficiency, B vitamins appear to delay progression to and death from AIDS.
0.00 ,,,,,,
People with AIDS often have thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency, which may contribute to some neurological abnormalities, supplementing with the vitamin may help.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Vitamin A deficiency is common in people with HIV infection, and low levels of the vitamin are associated with greater disease severity. Ask your doctor if vitamin A is right for you.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Turmeric may be a useful herb with immune effects in people infected with HIV. One trial found that curcumin, turmeric's main active compound, helped improve CD4+ cell counts.
0 Thymus Extracts ,,,,,,
In one trial, a thymus extract known as Thymomodulin improved several immune parameters among people with early HIV infection, including an increase in T-helper cells.
0.00 ,,,,,,
A 5% solution of tea tree oil has been shown to eliminate oral thrush in people with AIDS, according to one trial.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Shiitake is medicinal mushroom immune-modulating effects that may be beneficial for people with HIV infection.
0 Reishi ,,,,,,
Reishi is medicinal mushroom with immune-modulating effects that may be beneficial for people with HIV infection.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Mistletoe injections into the skin have shown beneficial effects in people with HIV.
0.00 ,,,,,,
One trial found that methionine may improve memory recall in people with AIDS-related nervous system degeneration.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Maitake mushrooms contain immuno-modulating polysaccharides (including beta-D-glucan) that may be supportive for HIV infection.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Iron deficiency is often present in HIV-positive children. Supplementing with it, under a doctors supervision, may support immune function.
0.00 ,,,,,,
The amino acid glutamine is needed for the synthesis of glutathione, an important antioxidant that is frequently depleted in people with HIV and AIDS.
0 Garlic ,,,,,,
Garlic may help combat opportunistic infections. In one trial, an aged garlic extract reduced the number of infections and relieved diarrhea in a group of patients with AIDS.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Low folic acid levels are also common in HIV-positive people, supplementing may help correct a deficiency.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Eleuthero is an immune-modulating plant that may be beneficial for people with HIV infection.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Supplementing with echinacea may increase immune activity against HIV.
0.00 ,,,,,,
In one trial, people with HIV who took CoQ10 experienced no further infections for up to seven months, and counts of infection-fighting white blood cells improved in some cases.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Beta-carotene levels have been found to be low in HIV-positive people, supplementing with it may be beneficial.
0.00 ,,,,,,
One study found that steamed then dried Asian ginseng had beneficial effects in people infected with HIV and increased the effectiveness of the anti-HIV drug AZT.
0 Andrographis ,,,,,,
A trial of isolated andrographolides, found in andrographis, showed that they decreased viral load and increased CD4 lymphocyte levels in people with HIV infection.
12 mg ,,,,,,
12 to 45 mg daily. Zinc levels are frequently low in people with HIV infection. Zinc supplements have been shown to reduce the number of infections in people with AIDS.
400 mcg ,,,,,,
Take under medical supervision: 400 mcg daily. Supplementing with selenium may result in fewer infections, a healthier appetite, and other benefits.
800 mg ,,,,,,
800 mg daily. Supplementing with NAC may slow the decline in immune function.
0 Multivitamin ,,,,,,
Follow label directions. Taking a daily multivitamin supplement may prevent common deficiencies associated with HIV and AIDS.
0.00 ,,,,,,
Licorice inhibits HIV reproduction in test tubes, supplementing with it may be safe and effective for long-term treatment of HIV infection.
200 mg ,,,,,,
200 to 500 mg daily. Large amounts of supplemental DHEA may alleviate fatigue in HIV-positive people.
1.5 g ,,,,,,
1.5 grams of HMB, 7 grams of L-glutamine, and 7 grams of L-arginine twice per day. The combination of glutamine, arginine, and HMB may prevent loss of lean body mass in people with AIDS-associated wasting.

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HIV and AIDS Support Stack

Potential Interactions
Long-term supplementation with vitamin B6 alone might reduce blood folic acid levels. Therefore, people with elevated blood homocysteine levels should supplement with both folic acid and vitamin B6.
  • Mansoor MA, Kristensen O, Hervig T, et al. Plasma total homocysteine response to oral doses of folic acid and pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6) in healthy individuals. Oral doses of vitamin B6 reduce concentrations of serum folate. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 1999;59:139-46.
Taking vitamin A with iron helps treat iron deficiency, since vitamin A improves the absorption and/or utilization of iron. This interaction has only been shown in a developing country with higher incidence of multiple deficiencies.
  • Suharno D, West CE, Muhilal, et al. Supplementation with vitamin A and iron for nutritional anemia in pregnant women in West Java, Indonesia. Lancet 1993;342:1325-8.
  • Semba RD, Muhilal, West KP Jr, et al. Impact of vitamin A supplementation on hematological indicators of iron metabolism and protein status in children. Nutr Res 1992;12:469-78.
Vitamin E appears to increase intestinal absorption and tissue uptake of vitamin A. Because of this effect, some doctors have used the combination of vitamin E and vitamin A for various skin conditions that are usually treated with vitamin A alone. The addition of vitamin E improved outcomes, while allowing for lower (and safer) doses of vitamin A.
  • Oaks L, Russell R, Jacob RA. Decreased serum vitamin A levels during vitamin E supplementation. Am J Clin Nutr 1978;31:716.
  • Ames SR. Factors affecting absorption, transport, and storage of vitamin A. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 1969 Jul;22(7):934-5
  • Gaby AR. Vitamin A. In Gaby AR. Nutritional Medicine. Concord, NH,, 2011; chapter 11.
Zinc competes for absorption with iron.
  • Dawson EB, Albers J, McGanity WJ. Serum zinc changes due to iron supplementation in teen-age pregnancy. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;50:848-52.
  • Crofton RW, Gvozdanovic D, Gvozdanovic S, et al. Inorganic zinc and the intestinal absorption of ferrous iron. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;50:141-4.
Supplementation with zinc, iron, or the combination has been found to improve vitamin A status among children at high risk for deficiency of the three nutrients. This interaction has only been shown in a developing country with higher incidence of multiple deficiencies.
  • Muñoz EC, Rosado JL, Lopez P, et al. Iron and zinc supplementation improves indicators of vitamin A status of Mexican preschoolers. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:789-94.

Supplementing with folic acid in amounts as little as 300 to 800 mcg per day may increase vitamin B12 requirements. Therefore, it would be prudent for people taking folic acid to supplement with vitamin B12.

Supplementation with vitamin B12, even in relatively small amounts, can increase folic acid requirements, For that reason, people taking vitamin B12 supplements should also consider taking folic acid.

In addition, supplementing with folic acid can mask the laboratory diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency. Failure to identify and treat vitamin B12 deficiency in a timely manner can lead to permanent neurological damage. The relatively small amount of vitamin B12 present in most supplements is not sufficient to prevent or correct vitamin B12 deficiency in people who have pernicious anemia (a condition caused by vitamin B12 malabsorption). For that reason, people should tell their doctor if they are taking folic acid supplements, so that the doctor will order alternative laboratory tests if vitamin B12 deficiency is suspected.

  • Smith AD. Folic acid fortification: the good, the bad, and the puzzle of vitamin B-12. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:3-5.
  • Steiner I,Melamed E. Folic acid and the nervous system. Neurology. 1983 Dec;33(12):1634
NAC may increase urinary zinc excretion. Therefore, supplemental zinc and copper should be added when supplementing with NAC for extended periods.
  • Brumas V, Hacht B, Filella M, Berthon G. Can N-acetyl-L-cysteine affect zinc metabolism when used as a paracetamol antidote? Agents Actions 1992;36:278-88.

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