Phosphatidylserine is considered a phospholipid membrane that is found in every cell of the body and it promotes healthy cellular signaling. This has been used in the treatment for ADD, ADHD and other bipolar disorers while there is some evidence suggesting that it may lower risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment among the elderly. Also, some believe that it may contain neuroprotective properties, while others suggest better studies need to be conducted before any claims can be verified or disproven. It is thought that phosphatidylserine could raise levels of cognitive enhancing neurotransmitters like acetylcholine and dopamine thus, improving memory and attention.
|Piracetam is the first compound developed under the racetam class and was synthetically created by Belgium lab UCB Pharma. Of the racetam class, this is perhaps the most discussed and utilized nootropic. Its mechanism of action is poorly understood, but many speculate that it improves cognition without stimulating or sedating properties. In other words, it doesn't seem to affect a person's arousal. It is a modulator of the AMPA receptor and may work on various ion channels within the brain to excite neurons. Additionally, it improves acetylcholine functioning and may influence NMDA glutamate receptors. There is some evidence that it increases the amount of blood flow and oxygen to the brain. It is not approved in the United States for any condition, but is approved in the United Kingdom. In recent years it has gained popularity among students as a way to increase academic performance.|
Pyracetam, Pyrrolidone acetamide, 2-Oxo-1-pyrrolidine, Memotopril, Fezam with cinnarizine, UCB6215
300mg (For the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other age-related memory impairment, a dose of 100mg of phosphatidlyserine taken 3 times daily is recommended.)
4.8 g daily/2x dose. 40-100mg/kg.
Phosphatidylserine is generally safe to use and well-tolerated however, potential side effects include insomnia and stomach upset.
Like all the other racetams, Piracetam may be strongly associated with headaches. However, it can be eliminated easily with the addition of Choline.
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