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What are the Best Racetams?

racetamsRacetams, the colloquial name for a group of structurally identical nootropic chemicals ending with … “racetams”. We regard them on our site as supplements but they indeed are drugs.

The invention of the Racetam family of drugs happened accidentally. As Racetams were not being formulated as mental enhancers but designed as a cure for motion sickness.  Unanticipated discoveries similar to this are widespread in pharmacology.

The most famous Racetam is called Piracetam, others include:  Aniracetam, Oxiracetam and Pramiracetam possess a 2-pyrrolidine nucleus comprised of nitrogen , oxygen and hydrogen.

Learning improvements, enhanced memory and focus, elevated mood and high energy levels are some of the effects of Racetams. Stimulation of cholinergic receptors of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is the mainstay of mechanism of Racetams. These also boost glutamate uptake via stimulating AMPA and NMDA receptors.

List of Racetams

About 19 diverse Racetam supplements have been contrived ever since the invention of Piracetam – the first Racetam compound.

The whole list of Racetams include: Aniracetam, Coluracetam, Brivaracetam, Dimiracetam, Fasoracetam, Etiracetam; Imuracetam, Nebracetam, Levetiracetam, Nefiracetam, Oxiracetam, Nicoracetam, Phenylpiracetam, Piracetam, Phenotropil, Pramiracetam, Rolziracetam, Rolipram and Seletracetam.

Most of  these substances are employed for many different health and medicinal purposes but some are commonly employed for use in the form of Nootropics: Piracetam, Oxiracetam, Aniracetam and Pramiracetam.

These four are discussed below to let you learn about which Racetam may be best for you:

Piracetam

Piracetam (known also as Nootropil) is the most commonly used Racetam supplement. It also possesses the privilege of being known as the very first Nootropic ever invented. Piracetam imposes its action via the stimulation of Acetylcholine receptor system leading to the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. Taking piracetam long term will improve brain health and also poses many other benefits in the short term.

Piracetam is more devoid of side effects than a cup of coffee owing to it astonishingly low toxicity profile.

Effects: Piracetam boosted cognitive ability on many metrics immediately. Improved learning and higher memory retention were experienced because of upgraded neuroplasticity. You will readily start to experience higher sensory perception and enhanced awareness. Piracetam also aids in studying and focusing because it heightens motivation and energizes you strongly.

Dosage: About 1.2 to 4.8 grams for 4 times a day is recommended for Piracetam to have noticeable effects according to our users. You can buy 500 g of Piracetam in $39.99, thereby making it affordable compared to other Racetams.

How to Take: Piracetam can be taken in form of powder by making a solution in water and can be combined with any other Nootropics you may want to stack together. Considering stacking with: CDP Choline, Alpha GPC or with any other source of choline as recommended by a physician. Piracetam depletes choline, and that is why having an adequate quantity of choline as part of your diet will help increase neurotransmitter formation.

Centrophenoxine when stacked with Piracetam is known to boost or increase your recall speed – making your mind sharper, highly focused, rather more instantaneous and reflexive when it comes to fact-recall abilities. You can additionally see piracetam alternatives here.

Aniracetam

aniracetamAniracetam is a stronger and longer lasting cousin of Piracetam. It is fat soluble and takes a longer time to kick-in. This means you should take it with fish oil or another fatty food source and also realize that it may take longer for the effects to diminish. Aniracetam is a better stimulator of AMPA receptors than Piracetam.

Effects: Aniracetam improves focus along with concentration as it is an AMPA receptor agonist. Aniracetam emerges as one of the best Racetams as well as Nootropics prescribed for studying.

Aniracetam also boosts perception of sound and recognition of colors. It hastens the communication between two brain hemispheres, lessens social anxiety and increases creativity.

Aniracetam Dosage: About 600 to 3000 mg are recommended per day. Most people ought to take Aniracetam  every 4 hours or as required to make sure that the effects last throughout the day. You may get a headache using this Racetam lest you supplement it with choline.

How to Take Aniracetam: The optimal method to take Aniracetam powder is to make a solution in milk for it does not properly dissolve in water. Pure Aniracetam powder can be purchased for $17.99 for every 50 grams. Additionally you buy aniracetam in pill form as well which may make everything easier and as stated can be taken with any fatty food. You can see what other’s are stacking with aniracetam here.

Oxiracetam

oxiracetamA very potent analog of Piracetam which has swifter mode of action than both Piracetam and Aniracetam. It is in a class of its own as it is more expensive yet, has a smaller dose, yet more expensive than Piracetam.

Oxiracetam is very often used to improve motivation levels and to dismiss the symptoms of mental lethargy and fatigue, but it also comes out to be a cognitive enhancer apart from being a brain booster as many Racetams are popular for.

Effects:  Spatial memory is boosted with Oxiracetam use and learning abstract concepts is improved greatly. Oxiracetam increases choline acetylcholinetranferase levels which is responsible for the acetylcholine neurotransmitter.

ATP levels are increased with Oxiracetam, which provides added energy for harder cognitive tasks. Oxiracetam’s side effects are almost nonexistent, however some individuals report fatigue following longer periods of studying or work during the use of this Nootropic. It is best to consult a physician before starting Oxiracetam.

Dosage:  Oxiracetam dose is suggested at 750 – 1,600 mg a day. Most people should take their dose every 6 to 8 hours during studying or when performing any type of mentally tiring work.

How to Take: Oxiracetam is soluble in water. For ideal results, stack Alpha GPC and Oxiracetam together. You can buy oxiracetam in bulk for the lowest price online here.

Pramiracetam

pramiracetamPramiracetam has 30x more potency than Piracetam. It is found to be the strongest among all Racetams and has the longest half life as well. These qualities are attributable to the fact that it is soluble in fat and has a greater bio-availability.

Pramiracetam is stacked with other types of Nootropics and Racetams because it is known to greatly enhance the effectiveness of other compounds. More so it’s side effects anecdotally are said to be mild and equivalent to that of table salt.

Effects: Pramiracetam is particularly recognized for boosting mental energy levels and increasing alertness for up to 8 hours following its intake. It makes learning easier by enhancing memory and boosting neuroplasticity.

Dosage: Daily dosage for Pramiracetam is recommended at a much smaller amount for it is highly concentrated. In a 24 hour period between 100 – 1,200 mg of the compound should be taken. Most people will ingest one dose in the morning and a second one early in the afternoon to have the full effectiveness.

How to Take: Pramiracetam is found in white powder form and is soluble in fat. Like many fat soluble Racetams, you should make a solution with milk, not with water or with fish oil or krill oil. Click here to buy pramiracetam in powder or pill form.

To see other nootropic stacks, click here.

Piracetam Headache? How To Avoid this Side Effect

piracetam headachePiracetam is one of the most well researched and original cognitive enhancers. It is a supplement of the Racetam class. It is known to be a very modest neuroprotective and memory-improving agent which offers solid cognitive and neurological benefits, consolidated with essentially non-existing toxicity (less than that of table salt).

A very small percentage of those that use Racetams may experience unpleasant headaches. The headaches caused by Piracetam may last many hours after the initial intake or sometimes it can be very short-lived. Using Piracetam may also intensify migraines and headaches that are caused by some other stimuli.

So, what causes this adverse side effect to occur and what can you could do to avert it from happening to you? Before getting started, let’s see why people take Piracetam:

 

PROS of Piracetam*

  • Improves Reasoning and Cognition
  • Helps to Support Memory
  • Improves Perception and Alertness
  • Improves Mental Fatigue and Concentration

CONS*

  • Low Potency Compared to Other Racetams
  • May Cause Headaches in Some Users
  • Long Onset Period of Effects

 

Why Does Piracetam Cause Headaches?

piracetam headache cureAniracetam, Oxiracetam, Pramiracetam along with Piracetam stimulate the Acetylcholine receptors in the brain. Acetylcholine is possibly the most significant Neurotransmitter responsible for many brain related functions and is also responsible for functions in relation to learning, concentration and reasoning.

Acetylcholine is produced from the food we eat that contains choline, but in so many cases, humans do not get adequate amounts from just food alone. Evidence suggests that taking enough choline with Piracetam, may cause headaches to subside and or be prevented (reference). This is because Piracetam demands a high level of choline be present in our brain when supplemented, without it, your brain will give you a headache. You can think of it as similar to getting a headache from being dehydrated after running, with Piracetam your brain is “running” and choline is the source it needs to keep you going.

The liver makes very little amounts of choline, thus it may be beneficial to buy a choline supplement. Numerous foods contain choline, such as: egg yolks (250mg per egg roughly) and liver meat, regardless of its wide accessibility, scientists think many individuals don’t get sufficient levels of choline.

As per a popular anecdotal evidence, the use of Piracetam can often times overly tax an individual’s cholinergic system. If enough choline is not present in your food, then there is a chance that you might be choline deficient.  This can be evidenced from any of the racetam nootropics being consumed on our platform, most are “commonly paired or stacked with” one choline source or another, see aniracetam with AlphaGPC, phenylpiracetam with the same, and pramiracetam here.

How to Cure a Piracetam Headache?

If an individual is suffering from a consistent headache while using Piracetam, they should first try adding choline to their diet (food). Secondly consider stacking your choline powder of choice with Piracetam, see alpha gpc dosage amount, and choline bitartrate dosage amount here or you can also try Centrophenoxine.

You should start by adding a small dose initially (250mg if alpha gpc for example) and then can slowly increase the dosage until your headaches are gone. If you did not notice any effects from adding additional choline at up to ~750mg, continuing to add more may not help. Again see the Piracetam page to determine what the most ‘common’ ratios are to get an idea as to where to draw your limit and call it quits. E.g. If you consume 4.8g of Piracetam with 250mg of Alpha-GPC you may not notice the helpful effects of adding choline to your stack, however if you consume 1.8g to 500mg of AlphaGPC–you might just notice that you don’t have a headache.  Generally consuming choline is also a good habit in and of itself and can act as a cognitive enhancer as well, see choline+inositol stack.

Choline stacks and Headaches

Taking Piracetam alone can cause headaches among some people and with the addition of choline, the headaches may stop, however for a few people the opposite is true. Taking Choline with Piracetam can cause headaches while taking Piracetam alone does not. In this case you could be “choline dominant” and your best course of action could be to cease supplementing choline. Many people read and feel as if it is absolutely essential to take a choline source with the Racetams and that’s just not true. If you don’t need it and your body is telling you it doesn’t need it via headaches, stop or take half the dose and observe the results.

Many users when adding choline experience depression, brain fog, lethargy or fatigue. Some research demonstrates a relationship between depression and large amounts of choline in the brain. Having said that, the opposite research is also available, so as of now, you may need to test what works and doesn’t for you. You can search for many supplement stacks which contain choline here, add a choline source you have and Piracetam on the compound search bar in the textbox on the left menu of the page and see what other’s are doing.

What to Do If the Headaches Persist

Additionally, the problem can be caused be something totally unrelated to Choline as well, are you hydrated enough?, are you getting enough restful-sleep?, do you have any chronic conditions?, stress? could it be the result of a interaction with other drugs or supplements?

Tracking these variables is key, and if you do have a condition and or are on other drugs, you can see if other’s on TrackMyStack have had the same symptoms as you — which can help in determining the cause of the problem. You can spend time researching and learning/biohacking yourself but don’t forget to visit a professional who may be able to diagnose the issue much quicker.

Generally, Piracetam is not common drug to supplement in the Western part of the world, chances are your health care professional will not know anything about it and ask you to get off of it right of the bat — as it is the safest thing for them to recommend. Consider taking another ‘supplement’ (Piracetam is a synthetic drug) for cognitive enhancement (if that is your goal). Another option is to utilize a Nootropic with a alternate mechanism of action such as Adrafinil.

Can You Develop A Tolerance For Nootropics With Regular Use?

nootropics toleranceSince the advent of nootropics in the 1960’s, supplements have helped us with preventative health and optimization in many areas. Nootropics were to treat diseases such as Alzheimer’s but are readily used for off-label purposes such as: enhancing things like, learning capacity, memory, and decision making.

There are additional advantages like helping protect the brain from oxidative damage and to enhance the health of billions of neurons. Furthermore, scientists keep studying ways for how Nootropics could be utilised daily to help patients with clinical conditions such as: ADHD, stroke and trauma patients and even cognitive degenerative conditions that come with age such as dementia.

A valid question thus arises which is, what are the certain tolerance levels for nootropics if used on a daily basis:

Can Supplementing Nootropics Cause A Tolerance Build Up

Tolerance is an issue with various pharmaceuticals and supplements whereby they turn out to be less efficient after some time. A major concern among new Nootropic supplement users’ is concerning the effectiveness of the supplement overtime. The nootropic Phenibut and Sulbutiamine come to mind when thinking of tolerance build ups.

Other’s are concerned about experiencing withdrawal after they stop using nootropics; and thus a dependency on the drug or supplement. This is not how most nootropics are made, and by definition, nootropics are suppose to help the brain whether it is for the short term or for immediate use. It is unlike the movie Limitless, where the drug NZT 48 when stopped causes the user to instantly go back to baseline IQ levels. Ayurvedic supplements such as Bacopa Monnieri for example take time to build up and generally “help” the brain and so stopping it suddenly has no withdrawal or immediate “dumbing” effects. Other smart drugs such as Modafinil or Adrafinil for example will peak in 3 hours and have a half life of about 15 hours, where after the effects are gone.

We urge you to explore our list of nootropic supplements as each one has a unique property.

Thus, your body can definitely build up tolerance for some Nootropic supplements. You may encounter indications of “mental addiction” to these supplements despite the fact that are no withdrawal symptoms or signs of physical addiction. For such Nootropics, there are various ways you can practice to make sure that you don’t develop a tolerance when using them.

We should also note that many of the Nootropics are planned for daily intake and are pretty much unlikely to build up a tolerance over the time. Some of the supplements will really have growing impacts that rise in concentration with regular doses, as mentioned above.

Nootropics such as Piracetam and Aniracetam are known to produce long term benefits as you consume them. This is because of the mechanism of action of Racetams generally.  Memory capacity and synaptic plasticity are two things which may be possible to increase over time. Similarly, nootropics with any kind of stimulant impact prompting high energy levels are more inclined to building up a tolerance and are ideal to be used occasionally or be cycled with some exceptions, e.g. Rhodiola Rosea.

What Is Tolerance?

Tolerance is basically when there is a diminished response to a drug being consumed as your body adapts to the continual presence of the drug or supplement in your system (note: this is different than Resistance). Overtime it turns increasingly difficult for the drug to act as intended. It can be discouraging when you notice that you don’t encounter the same advantages as you did when you first started.

In a few cases, to obtain the same effects as before, you may need to progressively increase your dose but that is not good advice under any circumstance (unless if approved by your physician), even with nootropics which have very low toxicity levels.tolerance to nootropics

There may be multiple reasons why tolerance develops, one of the reason could be that you may be producing less neurotransmitters or whatever substance the nootropic was increasing in your system, or it could be that you are already functioning at peak capacity.

The receptors of specific neurotransmitters may likewise turn out to be less sensitive implying that a greater amount of the neurotransmitter should be discharged all together for the same impact to take place.

There are various different tolerances which can occur, some are very long lasting, it may take months for the body to readjust. Caffeine is great example of such a tolerance. When you become dependent on caffeine; the receptors in your body begin to shrink and become less sensitive. The outcome is that you have to consume more caffeine so as to feel the same amount of energy and alertness. There are other sorts of tolerances which are brief and they balance out in a couple of hours after the supplement is consumed. An example is the stimulant Ephedrine. Ephedrine wears off much quicker than caffeine and it might actually last only 15 minutes.

Simple Way to Avoid Tolerance to Nootropics

The first step is to figure out if that specific nootropic has tolerance issues.  Then, if you have decided to take a Nootropic that has a high chance of leading to tolerance, you may take the similar route as bodybuilders and weightlifters when training: Cycling. A cycle is mainly a routine with phases of use (or training) trailed by phases of non-use (or not training).

So, perhaps as opposed to using a drug like Adrafinil for 30 days in a row, you may use it for a week, then cut back your intake for a week, after that use it 4 days with 3 days off. This is how a cycle works and it keeps the body from adjusting, the name of the game is random on and off days. Some anecdotal evidence suggests that for stimulants you may be able to take for 6 days on with 1 day (perhaps in the middle of the week) off for example, and still reap the same benefits or close to what you would if you had 4 days on and 3 off.

Certain nootropics which are particularly thought to act as stimulants are significantly more likely to bring about a level of tolerance in its users. They have to be cycled or utilized as part of a nootropic stack. These are a only a handful of nootropics that have tolerance issues.

Learn to Cycle and Stack Nootropics Properly

nootropics tolerance symptomsCycling and stacking nootropics needs to be done based on your goal. For instance, someone hoping to enhance their memory may have an altogether distinctive routine than a one hoping to improve brain health and defer the impact of age associated cognitive decline or Alzheimer’s.

First decide on your goal and after that discover which nootropics may help you accomplish it. Likewise find if there any extra nootropics that may potentiate the impacts of your drugs to further elevate the results. This can save you from taking too much of one drug as well and could possibly save you money, this experimentation can be made simpler by using TrackMyStack to determine when to cycle and the efficacy of certain nootropics.

Start with your primary nootropic agent, so for memory enhancement this may be Noopept or Phenylpiracetam. For Neuronal communication help, Huperzine or Centrophenoxine.  Make plans on cycling anything with stimulant like effects in and out every now and then. You can alternatively see if you get the same effect by picking a similar supplement as well, e.g. maybe Sulbutiamine to Rhodiola. Make sure you discuss all your choices with your primarily health care provider before switching back and forth and when in doubt, your better of without!

Potential Nootropic Side Effects: Dangers and Safety Tips

nootropic side effectsNootropics, also known as cognitive enhancers are a supplement class widely recognized for enhancing focus, brain power and memory. Not too many people know of all the qualifications for a drug to be called Nootropic. One such lesser known qualification is that a drug should be considered very safe to use and should be non-toxic for human brain to be deemed as a Nootropic. Without knowing this many people worry about using cognitive enhancers.

Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea’s original standards for nootropics states that Nootropics must actually promote and guard brain health. Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea is the founder of founder of a family of Nootropics. For the reason mentioned above, numerous smart drugs such as Adderall and Ritalin failed to reach the standards and wouldn’t qualify.

Supplements such as: Piracetam, Noopept, Aniracetam, CDP Choline and many more qualify as Nootropic drugs, many studies have been conducted (perhaps some only in Europe and the former Soviet Union) to make sure they are relatively safe for consumption and have a low adverse side effects in humans.

Nootropics Overview

While there are many nutritional supplements available in market today, nootropics have proven as the safest of all–perhaps by definition. The Neuroprotective properties in Nootropics might delay the symptoms of aging on brain and stop cognitive decline among senior citizens. Many of Nootropics offer anti-oxidant effects while they also help preserve the structures that are in the brain cells.

It is observed that some Nootropics may help increase NGF and boost Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor levels and support the growth of the new neurons and connections between them. Nootropics are currently being used for clinical researches for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s along with many other medical conditions. It is also observed that most of these Nootropics don’t have any known complications or drug interactions with the current health conditions of the patients.

The signs of rising tolerance among the patients who were using Nootropics are not observed and also getting addicted to Nootropics in the long term does not seem too risky, unless if you are considering things like Picamilon a healthy nootropic to take daily. Although using Nootropics is considered to be safe, it is advised to consult a medical professional before using them. Make sure you go in with a detailed stats report (printed from our site) especially if you want to supplement nootropics like Piracetam and other’s that are not actively prescribed especially in North America. In Europe you be okay as you can request the branded version of these “supplements” which are considered drugs, e.g. Piracetam is sold under the trademark “Nootropil”.

Nootropics are widely used for their ability in improving cognition and for its promise to a very small risk of the side effects; the popularity of Nootropics is expected to rise in the next ten years (don’t believe us? just check Google Trends). If you have decided to use Nootropics, it is an advisable idea to get yourself familiarize with few of the mild side effects and possible experiences. The side effects of Nootropics are rare and generally occur when the doses you are consuming are higher than normal or when you’re initially adjusting to the supplement. In such cases, few of the probable adverse side effects include Fatigue, Insomnia, Anxiety, Headaches and GI tract issues. Sign up to TrackMyStack to monitor the effects of each individual supplement you decide to add to your stack to monitor changes, for better or for worse.

Nootropics & Headaches

are nootropics safeHeadaches are a generally reported side effects in the patients who consuming Nootropics (Mainly Racetams, such as Piracetam). When using Nootropics, your brain processes information faster than usual and demands extra Acetylcholine than usual, thus giving you a headache.

This causes Acetylcholine receptor sites to start “burning” out. It’s observed that this kind of synaptic overdrive could lead to headaches. Luckily enough, the headaches caused by this situation can be easily acted upon. Adding a quality dose of Choline (Alpha GPC is the best choice among many) to your stack will counteract the headaches. Choline acts like precursor to acetylcholine and helps to safely raise its supply. Choline helps satisfy brain’s need for Acetylcholine and gives relief from the headaches.

Nootropics & Fatigue/Insomnia

dangerous nootropic side effectsMost Nootropics are generally capable of boosting energy levels along with increasing alertness but sometimes this may lead to two conflicting side effects: Insomnia and Fatigue. Awake, yet tired.

In situations like these where Nootropics are taken near bedtime, Insomnia is observed as the mind is active and thus fails to fall asleep. Once you sleep, you may end up waking up looking tired as you may sense that you aren’t sleeping well. So, it is important to watch the time when the dose is being taken. It is the same reason we don’t advise anyone take things like coffee or Adrafinil past 2PM. Based on anecdotal evidence, you may get sleep but it may feel like the equivalent of “passing out”, additionally, you may sleep for a few hours less, thus you may not get the restful sleep you may need to recover completely. Sleep by far- outperforms any nootropic in terms of improving cognition.

Some Nootropics however may work better in promoting sleep, such as: melatonin (1g cycled weekly, it is a helpful hormone for the body as well, and is not just for sleep, go for a slow and fast release version), L-Theanine and Inositol are some of the supplements that promote healthy restful sleep. If you need to “come down” from your stimulating nootropic high, consider tea such as Chamomile and Magnesium (not necessarily nootropic–though it can be if L-Threonate is used, but promotes relaxation and is lacking in most diets and thus useful for your whole body as well).

Fatigue occurs when one takes an excessive dose of alertness prompting Nootropics and then starts to burn out.  The best solution to this may be to reduce the dose or spreading it out over a few administrations in a day. If Fatigue persists, you should consider pausing the use of your supplement for a week or consider moving to another Nootropic altogether. You need to be always managing your risk vs reward, when it comes to any supplement or drug.

Nootropics & GI Tract Issues

Generally, when an excessive dosage is consumed, your intestinal system can experience difficulty. In such situations, the body might perceive it as risk and simply remove the unnecessary material. This removal may lead to irritation and may lead to diarrhea, nausea or pain and uneasiness in the GI tract and stomach.

Decreasing the dose you’ve been consuming can be a simple cure for side effect involving GI tract. Using the recommended level of the dose is always suggested. When the remedy for GI tract side effect doesn’t work then it is recommended not to use the supplements for a while until the side effect resolve — or if it’s urgent, consult a physician. Another solution to GI tract related side effects is to take an extra concentrated Nootropic such as Noopept which only requires small dose and therefore your gastro intestinal system will not require much processing.

Other Possible Nootropic Side Effects:

Every Nootropic supplement contains its own unique way of functioning and hence may cause it’s distinctive side effect. Whichever the supplement you use, take a look at the safety profile and learn about the risk of side effects it may cause. Apart from the major side effects discussed above, additional side effects you may observe from the Nootropic supplements are restlessness, anxiety, depression, mood disorders and nervousness.

Although side effects are listed, the possibility of occurrence of these side effects could be rare. Additionally some nootropics may also cause skin irritation, rashes, lightheadedness and high blood pressure. These side effects are usually associated with consuming Nootropics in excessively high dosages.

Side effects usually occur in a very small percentage of the total users while the majority users might never experience anything, everyone’s biology and body works differently. If you feel like something is not right, stop consumption and seek a health professional. When recommended guidelines are not followed or combining different supplements it may lead to the additional side effects aforementioned. If you follow the guidelines and recommended dose, Nootropics offer plenty of advantages with a very low threat of side effects.

The Best Natural Adderall Alternatives to Buy OTC Legally

adderall alternative

On the off chance that you are trying to find an effective natural Adderall alternative for your child or for yourself without the need of a prescription, then you are in the right place. Adderall is a therapeutic medication that has been widely used in treating certain conditions such as narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD treatment report). This smart drug has been used by many individuals especially students and those who work in high-pressure jobs. These people usually do not have legitimate prescription and purchase Adderall overseas online.

It is vital to keep in mind that substance is considered a drug that’s considered a controlled substance in the United States. The reason behind this is that Adderall XR is known to have a serious tolerance profile and users tend to experience addictive effects. In some countries such as the United States, the government requires that you be under a physician’s supervision when taking it and you need to have a prescription in order to obtain and use it legally. Let’s learn why…

What is Adderall?

Adderall XR is a drug that functions as a brain stimulant and is “well-tolerated” by children on a short-term basis. This therapeutic drug actually contains 4 types of amphetamine, namely aspartate sulfate, aspartate monohydrate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate. Adderall XR is primarily considered a drug that is effective in treating narcolepsy, ADHD and other psychiatric conditions.

The best explanation as to why Adderall XR is an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients is that it contains forms of amphetamines, which provides a stimulative effect on the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. However, one of the main reasons why many users wants to seek Adderall alternatives is because of the many serious side effects.

The Reason A Prescription Needed for Adderall

alternatives to adderallThe primary reason why a prescription is compulsory to purchase or use Adderall is because it is classified as both a controlled substance and a drug by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and utilization of it should be under the care of a doctor or any qualified medical professional. Adderall may cause unwanted effects and consultation of a doctor is needed in order to determine if you are healthy enough to use it.

Adderall has addictive effects, so in order to prevent people from abusing it and buying it in the United States at least, a prescription is needed. On the off chance that you are interested in taking Adderall alternatives, it is important that you should talk to your physician.

Are there Natural Adderall Replacements?

Because of the facts that been listed above, many current, former, and prospective users of Adderall are interested in looking for an effective alternative for this medication. The reasons as to why many people love to use this drug is because of its effectiveness in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other conditions like improving learning capacity, memory, and studying ability.

Since supplement manufacturers could not endorse their products as “Adderall Replacements”, many of these supplements are prescribed by physicians as natural alternatives. These natural brain supplements contain lower risks of side effects, overdoses, or withdrawal. So what are the best Adderall alternatives that consumers are using in order to improve their attention span, intellect, and concentration?

Best Non-Prescription Alternatives to Adderall

Piracetam

An alternative for Adderall is Piracetam. This supplement is considered a Nootropic, it is known to enhance brain power. It is involved in numerous cognitive processes including learning capacity, concentration, memory formation, attention switching, and focus. Taking Piracetam has been proven by some studies to be effective in reducing symptoms of ADHD and enhances brain health by promoting better maintenance of neurons and increase cell membrane fluidity. See references at the bottom for the studies.

Some people stack Adderall with Piracetam to facilitate better outcomes; however, it is important that you consult your physician first before doing this.

Noopept

Noopept too is nootropic, it is used to enhance learning capacity, memory, and concentration. It is known to be one of the strongest and effective of all Nootropic supplements available. It is stronger than piracetam, you can see the comparison of piracetam vs noopept to gauge the differences between the two.

Noopept increases levels of Nerve Growth Factor, which are chemicals that aid in maintaining and supporting the integrity of all brain cells. Damage to these cells can cause ADHD and ADD as well as degenerative cognitive conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

This supplement provides numerous benefits related to the synaptic activity of the brain. It works by stimulating the AMPA, Nicotinic, and NMDA receptor sites inside the brain. This leads to increased activity of certain neurotransmitters such as Acetylcholine, Glutamate, Serotonin, and Dopamine. All of these actions combined are the reason for the wide range of health benefits of this Nootropic drug.

The most well known benefit of this drug includes an increase in working memory and memory consolidation. Other benefits of Noopept include improved reflexes, enhanced learning ability, better overall mood, enhanced sensory perception, reduced anxiety, better overall mental performance, and advanced logical thinking.

Aniracetam

In terms of a stronger and rapid onset of effects, Aniracetam is the best choice among Adderall alternatives.

Aniracetam is part of the Ampakine family and is considered as a Racetam that is why it provides many health benefits than just working as a cognitive enhancer. It has the ability to provide mood boosting effects and reduces the levels of anxiety and stress and is known as a potent anxiolytic.

Aniracetam may benefit those who are suffering from depression, social anxiety, and other related mood disorders. Some of the benefits of Aniracetam include improving focus, memory, clarity of thought and attention span. Aniracetam is not a Central Nervous System stimulant. As a matter of fact, it is more common to experience a boost of energy combined with a feeling of relaxation when utilizing it as a supplement. This supplement may “feel” very “mild” especially if shifting over from a prescription amphetamine, and thus it may need to be stacked with something like Rhodiola Rosea and Choline Bitartrate and perhaps even Piracetam initially. Rhodiola would provide the energetic fuel, Choline the mental capacity to keep functioning fast and Piracetam + Aniracetam to synergize in giving you a powerful cognitive boost. References for this include the TMS platform to determine what is commonly stacked with Aniracetam (see Stats at the bottom of the page).

Alpha Brain

Speaking of stacking, there are branded supplements like Alpha Brain that may already contain everything you may need, you can read our full review of this nootropic stack on our site. Alpha Brain is a complete and balanced nootropic blend or stack and has been a scientifically tested and is “earth grown”. Nutrients combination in the supplement have been clinically tested and demonstrate verbal memory improvement and executive function according to studies funded by Onnit Labs. Additional studies report aid in memory and mental clarity thus helping you achieve concentration as well as focus.

Alpha Brain is very effective in producing noticeable effects in and of itself because of the quantity of the ingredients in it. Many brain supplements are not potent enough to provide an effective nootropic benefit because of the quantity and quality and Alpha brain is a good starter nootropic stack that does not disappoint.

Pramiracetam

Pramiracetam is considered the “advanced” version of Piracetam, which as mentioned is considered one of the founding/original Nootropics developed. Its mechanisms of action are very similar to one another, however Pramiracetam is 5-30x more potent. It works by binding to Acetylcholine receptor sites and then inhibiting their desensitization in order to increase the action potential of the neurons.

It has a high bioavailability and is fat-soluble and is noted to have long half-life of about 5 hours. Pramiracetam is known to be one of the “purer” Nootropics. Some of its known benefits include enhancing learning capacity, increasing memory, focus, attention span, and concentration, and improving overall brain energy. Taking pramiracetam powder produces very little effects on anxiety and mood levels. A dose of about 200-400mg is required  to notice benefits per day.

Modafinil/Adrafinil

Modafinil is a drug that enhances energy levels and alertness – particularly in individuals who do not usually get enough sleep. User reports on this nootropic agent suggests that it gives them the desired energy boost that they needed way better than caffeine and other stimulants do. Hence, it has gotten to be well known for off-label use as a focus enhancer. It may seem ironic going from one drug to another, but user reports show that there are significantly less side effects associated with Modafinil’s off hand use as a ADHD treatment.

Modafinil is clinically prescribed for those that suffer from sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and many others related to excessive sleepiness. There are drug stores from which numerous patients buy Modafinil without a prescription universally as the cost locally may be too high, however we don’t recommend you try this, and should consult a doctor initially. Funny enough this drug is what the movie limitless’ drug nzt 48 is based off of.

Modafinil has appeared to help individuals stay alert, dynamic and helps clear the mind, especially if the individual lacks quality sleep. Researchers have effectively demonstrated a relationship between the utilization of this medication and memory retention in a sound state against variables such as absence of sleep. However not every patient in this study could associate Modafinil to a change in psychomotor capacity in human test subjects.

adderall-replacementAddTabz

Some users claim that AddTabz is effective in improving attention span, concentration, energy levels, productivity, and focus. It helps people handle stress, frustration, workload, leading to increased productivity. However, some users claim that AddTabz contains less powerful ingredients and cannot provide effects on mental performance that Adderall does.

It is sometimes called Ampheta CDP since it has amphetamine-like properties and effects but there is no actual amphetamines included. As a matter of fact, CDP refers to “Citicoline” or “CDP Choline” which is a supplement that has the ability to enhance focus and concentration.

Lumonol

Lumonol may improve concentration, focus, motivation, energy, and even boosts metabolism which may lead to weight loss. One of its mechanism of action is to increase the number of neurotransmitters in the brain. Some patients reported that Lumonol is an effective Adderall alternative with an added benefit of providing neuroprotective properties and being “more natural“. However, it does contain Noopept, which could be a bonus, or not, it depends on how you look at it.

So, what is the Best Adderall Alternative?

The above supplements are just a small selection of supplements that are used as Adderall replacements and can be legally purchased without the need of a prescription (with the exception of Modafinil, however there is Adrafinil?). Some of these supplements are natural and carry a lower risk profile compared to Adderall and other therapeutic drugs. Some of the other supplements may be used as Adderall alternatives include Doxiderol, Profiderall, and Addrena as well, you can see our other full list of branded nootropic supplements here.

Which one you decide to use depends on your preferences and needs. Lumonol and AlphaBrain are more expensive compared to other generic brain supplements. You can also stack your own Adderall alternative nootropics out there in order to achieve your needs, and we provide the perfect platform to do so.

References:

  1. https://examine.com/supplements/piracetam/
  2. http://www.xbrain.co.uk/testimonials-2/mma/heath-herring/alpha-brain-1
  3. http://www.drugs.com/cdi/modafinil.html
  4. https://www.smartdrugsforthought.com/what-is-aniracetam/

Limitless Drug NZT-48

The Real Limitless Drugreal limitless pill

The film Limitless, which stars Bradley Cooper, Arbie Cornish, and Robert Deniro, has made a huge impact on society. This is mainly because it revolves around mental capabilities and how we could unlock our full potential just by taking a single pill- the NZT 48 drug.

What is NZT?

In the film, NZT-48 is such a powerful drug that it makes Bradley Cooper, known as Eddie Mora in the movie, unlock his full potential. He is superhuman when he takes the pill; not only is he able to use 20% of his brain’s capacity, but he is able to go much beyond that.

In  reality, we use 100% of our brain, not all the time, but we use different parts of our brain for different things, the 20% of our brain usage is a urban myth. Anyways Bradley becomes the smartest living creature, doesn’t run out of energy, is able to learn languages and make a lot of money in the stock market. Would this be something you would take?

Does NZT48 really exist? The truth is, NZT-48 is just a creation of fiction and it was created to sell the movie. So the question is, why do we have the need to talk about this topic? Does it only give us a dream, or a false hope of using our brain’s potential 100% of the time? Even though NZT-48 is not real, there’s supplements and drugs referred to as Nootropics and they are starting to appear promising.

What are Nootropics and are they close to NZT?

By definition, nootropics are drugs that can protect your brain, enhance memory and/or other cognitive functions. They serve to promote enhancement in memory and facilitation of learning (1). Among the most famous nootropics today is the Racetam family and the first nootropic drug to be used widely was Piracetam, a synthetic derivative of GABA, also known as aminobutyric acid. You don’t need to remember this, although if you were on it, it wouldn’t be hard..would it?

Although its mechanism of action is still not fully understood, studies show that Piracetam positively affects the release of neurotransmitters in our brain and their receptor-binding capabilities. This improves cell functioning and leads to cognitive enhancements such as more efficient and easier memory formation, and memory recall. Also, Piracetam is involved in the activation of Acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter in the brain related to memory processes and development (2). It is fairly easy to buy online as well and is considered safer than table salt (when you look at the LD50).

At present, various nootropics have already been discovered; these are much more potent than the parent compound Pireacetam. These smart drugs have a wider array of cognitive benefits and improve other areas like mood, behaviour, energy, and others. One such smart drug is Noopept — it is believed to be 1000x more potent than its derivative Piracetam. Other familiar nootropics also include Phenylpiracetam– also a derivative of Piracetam and is believed to be 30-60x more potent than its parent compound Piracetam.

One notable feature is that it has a phenyl ring added to the original structure, giving it a higher affinity for Norepinephrine and Dopamine, and making it easier to cross the Blood-Brain Barrier or BBB. Moreover, it enhances physical performance and gives stimulating and energizing effects through an increase in Noradrenaline levels.

Although athletes find this very useful, it is banned in the Olympics due to its psychostimulatory and cold resistance properties. Phenylpiracetam also has the ability to motivate and reduce the effects of anxiety and stress. Finally, other various smart drugs known in the market today include Pramiracetam, Aniracetam, Alpha GPC, Citicoline, Phenibut, and many more.

Through gradual research and experiment, a lot of smart drugs today show a large resemblance to NZT-48. The above are marketed as supplements but the FDA would not classify them as supplements. There are some drugs that are approved by the FDA (in America, it is the regulatory agency, and we will talk about that below).

Is Modafinil the original limitless pill?

modafinil limitless review

Is modafinil really the original nzt48 pill? Consider Adrafinil, as the legal limitless pill and is available for sale online. Is it also a fictional drug like the NZT-48? Well here is the good news, Modafinil in contrast with NZT48, is a real-life drug. Yes you heard it right, Modafinil is not just available on our television screens, but we can actually buy it. But how is Modafinil related to the limitless pill NZT-48? Modafinil was actually the inspiration for NZT-48. It is used as a wakefulness-promoting agent primarily used to treat Narcolepsy (a condition causing excessive daytime sleepiness), shift work sleep disorder, and other sleep disorders.

Its wakefulness-promoting properties and increase in energy levels may be attributed its role as an adrenergic receptor agonist. It activates orexins/hypocretins (these are brain peptides) thus, increasing dopamine, norepinephrine and histamine levels. Moreover, Modafinil serves to improve memory and brain function through enhanced neuronal stimulation; more specifically, positive stimulation of Glutamate receptors and inhibition of Glutamate breakdown.

Because of Modafinil’s mechanism of action, it is the drug that is the closest thing to limitless pill NZT 48. Soon we will also review Donepezil which many now consider a limitless like pill as well. Modafinil is obviously a prescription drug and there can be many side effects, however with a good diet and proper nootropic supplementation you can ‘generally’ always feel noticeably smarter than your baseline, it is like body building, you can take supplements to go from your baseline to your absolute genetic potential but then as bodybuilders take steroids, drugs like modafinil can be used to push the brain to it’s capacity and thus we don’t recommend anyone try it right off the bat, especially not without consulting a physician.

Conclusion

Although NZT-48 may just be a fictional drug–the idea is real, there are a lot of promising smart drugs in the market that offer similar benefits. One supplement may provide benefits in one facet, but when stacked with others may be the complete regimen you need to feel more intelligent. We urge you to browse different stacks and see the results people are getting. A popular example of stacking is the combination of Racetams with Cholinergics.

For instance, the actions of racetams are attenuated due to an increased level of neurotransmitters that are essential for brain functioning. Be sure to track your results over time to see how the changes are affecting you. If you would like to skip nootropics and go straight to a nzt like smart drug consider buying adrafinil (modafinil precursor) here.

 

References:

  • http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/nootropic
  • https://smartdrugsforthought.com/what-is-piracetam/

 

How To Increase Brain Power and Concentration

Increase Brain Power

Increase Your Brain Power & Improve Cognition Dramatically

Disclaimer: This is a post by Ash Sharman (A nootropic enthusiast, and thus are not the views of Track My Stack.)

When we talk about innovation and advancement, we cannot leave aside the cognitive enhancement advancements being made almost weekly. There has been a lot of research done on natural herbs for brain enhancement to increase focus, memory and concentration. The researchers are calling these wonderful cognitive enhancers nootropics.

A quick recap for those that don’t know. The word nootropics was coined in 1964 by Dr. Corneliu  E. Giurgea. He coined this term to refer to compounds that enhanced memory without negatively affecting the brain. Nootropics are supplements and functional foods made especially for improving  mental and cognitive abilities. They are believed to work by altering availability of the brain’s supply of neurotransmitters, hormones, enzymes and or oxygen among other things.

The Main Purpose of Nootropics

Nootropics help with many things such as cognition, motivation, focus, concentration and brain energy. Different brain functions are enhanced/improved based on which cognitive enhancer is taken. They kindle the growth of nerves and improve oxygen supply.

Increasing Brain Power with Nootropics

Nootropics is a great brainpower booster for many. Whether you are a student studying for a test or a business professional, these smart drug supplements will provide you the energy you want for charging your mental energy. They help improve sharpness of brain and equip you with the quality to think quicker and deeper. There have been many clinical trials done and are referenced on the supplement pages. Athletes, speakers, performers and executives of all kind rely on brain foods to enhance their mental energy, cognitive behaviour and IQ.

The most common  type of nootropics is known as racetams.  People who have consumed have reported of enhanced mental  energy and clarity in ability to think more clearly. Reading, writing and linguistic skills were upgraded.

The most frequently used racetams include to improve Intelligence:

  • Aniracetam –  Stronger than Piracetam and good for Input/Output (I/O) meaning it helps you remember and grasp ideas and concepts easily and recall things better while being an anxiolytic.
  • Oxiracetam – Used generally for memory improvements with a stimulating effect (I did not notice this…) but it’s suppose to be kick-in quickly for instant mind power support.
  • Noopept – Russian developed aid, claimed to be 1000x stronger then Piracetam. Helps with focus.
  • Piracetam – It’s water soluable supplement that helps in increasing motivation and focus. The most well researched and personally recommended. You can take up to 10g of this stuff without any worries, however we advise going up to 4.8g every other day or as needed, broken down into 2 settings.

You can look for Nootropics in foods like chocolate and green tea. It has been observed that phenethylamine and L-Theanine which are the natural chemicals in these food products are great brain foods. There is another article that was published here about foods that increase brain power. Keep in mind buying from reputable and trustworthy sources is key and as such I recommend visiting the Shop section of this site.

There are many other stacks that can help you increase your brain power, feel free to search our nootropic stack database for specific keywords to see what others are taking.

Supplement Products (Pre-Compiled Stacks)

Caffeine + Brain Octane Oil – The butter is usually added to this coffee to stave off hunger and loose weight, which is not the case here. However, one thing you can keep in mind is that — Your body uses a lot of energy to digest food, that blood flow, could be going towards your work, so it may make sense to add that butter (Grass fed ofcourse) to your morning Concentration Stack.

Adderall, Ritalin, Vyvanse – These are prescription drugs and are for people diagnosed with ADHD/ADD. These are ‘Medicinal’ amphetamines and provide a stimulant type feeling and are not generally considered ‘healthy’ and could be thought of as a bandaid fix to a bigger problem.

Alphabrain by Onnit – One formulation that is popular in market nowadays is Alpha Brain. It is a supplement whose ingredients are extracted naturally, and are not prepared synthetically. People who have used this formulation report  that these work very fast. If you want to become mentally sharp and increase awareness, you can use Alpha Brain. It also helps a user wake up early with more vitality and power.  It contains AC-11, a rainforest superb herb, Huperzia Serrata, Bacopa Monniera and Alpha GPC. These ingredients make Alpha Brain, a superb Nootropics for boosting brainpower and enhancing creativity, focus and concentration. However, you can construct your own Ingredient Matrix (or stack) based on your own needs (biology). Start with Alpha GPC.

You will find nootropics in  the market in various formulations. They come with only one ingredient or with a combination of many ingredients. Every  brain supplement will enhance brain activity and will work for improving one, two or many functions. When considering nootropics, you should refer to what others are taking, and build your stack 1 by 1 after careful testing. When in doubt, it is safer to go without a specific mineral you are unsure about.

Coming Up…You need to focus on Brain Exercises and Games that increase Brain Powder

Stay tuned for my follow up articles on increasing brain power via video games, such as Dual-N back, Exercises/Yoga that can slow down or possibly reverse any brain fog you may have and lastly Apps and software that can help manage and keep track of your progress or even accelerate your progress towards improving your concentration. If you are looking for a simple and basic way to track vitamin intake, sign up for a account on our site. Happy Quantifying!